Some questions are universal.
How did the world begin? What came before? What came before that? Who made it?
Children are naturally curious. And it seems the role of an adult is to channel curiosity until it fits the standard model.
The standard model is an obvious goal there for the child to see, it is the adult’s guide.
Despite the inadequacy of their logic the non-answers come heavily laden with hints of obligations.
The nature of creation and a possible creator divide the answers but each stream fails to address the further questions that arise.
In the end there is one outstanding claim that dries up the questions. Trust me I am an adult and what I say is the best way for you to survive in this world.
Even science falls foul when asked these questions.
I must have been about fifteen when I first realized the adult dilemma.
There was nothing before the universe came into being!
But how could so much energy and mass come from nothing? How could there not be space and time before the universe began?
It is a singularity, a one-off event never to be repeated again within our universe!
But, but, but that goes against both the conservation and continuity principles doesn’t it?
Sixty years later I feel better placed to give a logical answer. This is in the main due to understandings of the world made possible by modern scientific explorations and understandings.
But it is also due to my never giving up on asking questions, refusing to bow to the dictatorship of the standard model and continuously searching for better answers.
The following discourse outlines a world view that I believe allows the answers to the basic questions to be better addressed without departure from the scientific model. However it does differ from the belief that the current standard model is unquestionnable.
It introduces four new ideas I consider essential. The first is the strengthening of the role of the time vector by tying events in a particular space to the flow of time.
The second involves the transforming mechanism of evolution which enables the time vector and its events in space links to anticipate, shape and exploit the future.
The third major idea is the recognition and defining of eternal zones that evolution of the universe and life has always relied on. We humans have always exploited this idea but in the main have not acknowledged its importance.
And the fourth idea is the natural existence of a simple chain mechanism that gives evolution the ability to maximise chance. It is this that makes natural selection work.
This paper trespasses on the art of anticipation since it deals with natural mechanisms that enable life forms to perceive the future based on deduced links between past and present.
It may seem like a trespass on the forward march of time but it already occurs as I hope to demonstrate. And I will show that the mechanism that allows this intrusion into the past is the relentless unchanging forward progression of time.
Anticipation implies an inbuilt ability to hold past and present experiences in some storage area where it can be processed then used in a predictive program developed to respond to what is stored. This is a complex sequence of behaviours in which the future picture becomes a shaper of the present.
I believe there are two valid mechanisms by which the future and present interact.
One involves the use of the past to predict the future independent of time, place or substance such as in our everyday assumption the sun will come up and set.
The other involves a class of events in which past events generate mechanisms that enable control over the future as demonstrated by the ability to catch a ball or to eat plant and animal matter and turn it into energy.
To make discussion easier I will refer to the latter mechanism which involve shaping the future as fore-science and the kind that relies only on the past and present to predict the future as projective-science.
already embraces both these modes of prediction but its major focus has
arguably been on the projective aspects. This bias is a natural
result of focusing on mechanistic means to explain the universe.
This bias is a natural result of focusing on mechanistic means to explain the universe.
And although fore-science is equally reliant on mechanistic origins
it recognises that life forms have learnt to incorporate mechanisms that
change the nature of choice. So, for instance, natural selection is
aided by extra choice mechanisms that arose as products of evolution.
And although fore-science is equally reliant on mechanistic origins it recognises that life forms have learnt to incorporate mechanisms that change the nature of choice. So, for instance, natural selection is aided by extra choice mechanisms that arose as products of evolution.
Whenever we make predictions there are choices to be made and these are shaped by the fundamental assumptions guiding our selections.
Projective science isn't free of assumptive values for its basic premise is that the universe has continuous order which enables past events to be a guide to the future.
This principle is fundamental to all of science and there is ample evidence a similar assumption is built into living things. For instance every time a bird flies it assumes it can because of its past experience.
Every law or principle in science is a form of projection of this ordered continuity concept. Whenever claims are made as to how the universe, nature and life will evolve it is making this assumption. Whenever a law of science is quoted it is assumed that the future will fit with our experience of the past.
There have been and still are instances when scientists have realized that that assumption is not holding within a newly discovered environment or niche. Yet they don't need to discard the basic assumption; just acknowledge that their experience of the past has been expanded and reformulate the laws to accommodate the novel experience.
Fore-science relies on this same principle but it comes to its laws via a different path.
In using the past as a means to the future an organism relies on the structures built within it in the past. These structures allow that organism to be present in the future and be prepared for what lies ahead. Its ability to do this relies passively on projective-science but critically it also relies on a transformation of passive awareness into a more proactive form.
We already know that these proactive mechanisms exist. You are a prime example of them at work as is every living thing.
Non evolutionary material displays no ability to expand its behaviour whereas life-forms have already established that their ordered continuity pattern is based on filling potentials within any reachable environment. Any seemingly willful expansion of behaviour is one indicator that proactive mechanisms are involved.
And time is one such environmental niche that life-forms have uniquely mastered.
Non-evolutionary material has no mechanism to direct its growth path; it resides in the instant within the continuous ordering of time. Yet the constraint imposed by minuteness of the instant is able to be escaped by living things. This interaction with time is another indicator of an inbuilt proactive program.
Yet within a continuous ordered system projective predicting is highly valuable since it is the starting point that nature had to work with in bringing about life and evolution.
The purpose of this article is to explore how passive selection can be transformed by chance alone into mechanisms that seem to learn from the past how to shape and control their future. It is the story of how evolution enabled the escape from insentience.
Physio-chemical material has no inbuilt evolutionary capacity. There is nothing that allows such material to conceive of space, matter or time or ways to alter events. Neither atoms nor gravity create planets but together they determine the laws by which the stars and planets form. There is no element of choice; what happens is inevitable.
And there are no laws that non-evolutionary forms understand; their future is not uncertain but it is neither known nor cared about. Rocks and planets don't dwell upon why and how they exist nor do they understand why they erode faster in a storm.
However evolutionary forms change through time and that change has seen increasing awareness of how the universe works. Each step in evolution spreads the range of recognition of the universe’s capacity; it is an ordered continuity that progresses smoothly without gaps or complete novelty. There is therefore a hierarchy of development involving the same pillars mass, energy, space and time that defined our universe. This distinction is of course the same idea that underpins Darwin’s theory of evolution. His natural selection mechanisms are the foundation of the process that distinguishes nature from the elementary universe.
The impassive elements are used in all evolutionary forms but only function properly when bound within a regulated togetherness. So the hierarchy of evolution has to flow along a route that builds togetherness. It is only then that there is a possibility of enhancing dimensions of the universe through evolved creations. That there is such a path is evidenced by life forms all of which reveal a tendency to become richer and more complex over time. And further this trend increasingly reflects more and more of the universe’s dimensions.
But the nature of the non-evolutionary elements has a vital division we perceive as time, mass, energy and space. Each of these has continuity. However mass and energy are seen as interchangeable (E=mc^2). There is is also an expansionary aspect involving time and space that locks its continuity into a singular concept, that of space-time.
Whether space and time are considered as independent entities or a singular concept it is evident the universe has expanded and continues to do so. This has implications for mass-energy.
There can be little doubt that such expansion must comply with two
principles, continuity and conservation. These two principles should tie all of
the elements mass, energy, space and time to the unchanging totality of
But our current standard model doesn't make this connection of an all
embracing continuity and conservation that covers all four elements. Yet
all that is required is for space and time to be drawing upon a
reservoir created at the start of the universe for these basic
principles to hold in a fuller sense. Without that recognition we would
expect science to be encountering difficulty in accounting for total
mass and energy in our universe. Modern concepts of Dark Energy and Dark
matter are evidence that the expected difficulties are already
But our current standard model doesn't make this connection of an all embracing continuity and conservation that covers all four elements. Yet all that is required is for space and time to be drawing upon a reservoir created at the start of the universe for these basic principles to hold in a fuller sense. Without that recognition we would expect science to be encountering difficulty in accounting for total mass and energy in our universe. Modern concepts of Dark Energy and Dark matter are evidence that the expected difficulties are already percieved.
Accordingly as the universe
expands the products of mass-energy would diminish at an equivalent rate
as space-time gets bigger which in itself implies a limit to the
existence of the universe. Even if this were not so we assume the
universe has a long time left in which to exist.
And while there is a future evolution will continue to expand into each and every niche the universe and its expansion generates. Hence the remainder of time is a critical factor for this evolutionary process since it determines where we as a species will stand in a scheme whose history sees species continuously superseded. We can properly assume that the time remaining for life forms is far more immense than that of the universe's past and that our existence as a species is only transitory.
Currently lifeforms have vastly expanded their handling of past time and so have inbuilt capabilities to remember and act upon the past to handle their immediate future.
Remarkably although evolution currently has no thinking process it is capable of implanting mechanisms that shape the future.
For instance you came from just two cells that seemed to know how to grow, divide and specialise their function. Those cells held the secret to who you are now and they still continue along a path that stays with you until you die. But there is no choice in any of this. On the other hand your future is not totally predestined.
There are already many ways in which nature has recognized the power of the future without ever making a choice. Memory, reaction times and thought are all mechanisms that have evolved to enable the future and past to be exploited. And what we know of evolution is there is more to come but probably not in any of our lifetimes nor necessarily in the human species.
Scientists are most comfortable in the paradigm of the experiment and so most research takes place where data for experiment is most rich. This means that evolution usually receives more research attention for its projective-science capacity rather than its fore-science aspects. Yet remarkable things have and will happen outside this attention zone.
One such example of this data bias is in the language skills of the youngest of children who can't yet speak; children under two years of age. Their age means that the most vital aspects of their learning capabilities aren’t easily accessed. We can have no doubt that they are developing and possess language skills and that it involves the most remarkable type of learning. It is totally intuitive yet newly born children pick out patterns that become the base for not only vocabulary but for comprehension of meaning and context.
It isn't just copying for if we adults had the same skills we would be far more multilingual than we are. Mimicry comes later and the ease of that technique may well lead to the demise of that skill that enables learning from a vacuum. In most cases by the time that testing can take place that earliest of learning skills is no longer as active. But we know that the art they had wasn’t just that of repetition; not all animals can speak and even those we train to mimic sounds have no skills for language.
It is in this early period that the development of living forms utilizes the same process central to evolution; it relies on processes that seem to be acts of choice rather than of learned or copied mechanisms. However the choice mechanism is originally built from chance events tuned to take advantage of opportunity.
It is therefore by an evolutionary implanted program that chance is able to fill innate potential whenever the environment offers it. The program is the element that makes living things different from the insentient.
The thing about young human language proactive talents is that they are most detectable before a child has reached an age where it can converse on the many aspects of their daily life. The first words known don’t have a base that speeds their learning so it isn't dependent on a process of observing and studying the structure of language and speech. And when a child before the age of three turns the words heard from a fluent speaker into a response that is transformed from the speaker's context to that of the child we are being gifted a precious moment. When me or I becomes you and yours is returned as mine a complex relationship has been understood. There have been many such moments I have experienced as a parent and grand-parent and I remain in awe as to the means by which the very young grasp the linguistic opportunities offered in human-kind.
And this isn't merely the pride of parenthood that makes me admire this aspect of childhood since I like many others know advanced learning skills in the young is commonly observed.
Children have a far greater capacity than adults to learn more than one language before the rules of projective behaviour are solidly imprinted into their brain.
We can understand the reasons why fore-science mechanisms should be in play at this early age since in all species and age-groups there is a natural void to be escaped; a void that doesn't automatically permit learning by comparison or repetition. But once its task is filled and the easier skills offered by comparison are in place then the earliest skills seem to fade.
And you will know that for all the many times you have heard people speak a different language as an adult you haven't progressed at the rate of a child of less than three. Like me you probably can't speak Italian, Greek, German or any other language which people speak constantly in your community. For us of a mature age when a learning task is really new and starts with nothing we end with nothing unless we dedicate our attention and efforts to the learning task. For grown up people successful learning rarely is a natural result of exposure to repetition. But starting with no words or guides to style and context a child builds a vocabulary, learns how to speak, put it into context and use proper grammar.
But we aren't alone in having notable skills; animals have similarly bewildering abilities. Some can change their colour or patterning to match that of their background, others can return to ancient nesting sites they have never seen and follow traditional paths without guidance. We suspect such behaviours are explicable through inherited evolutionary traits but this mechanical means doesn't make their existence any less remarkable. They too start in a void that finds context through their innate evolutionary implanted program.
For living things in the earliest stages of growth the past is not the source of their future development, it has to be something in the present that offers the means. The new-born child doesn't go back to the womb to learn to speak and home-seeking creatures can't make infinitely small trips that extend their range further over a large period of time.
But neither is the present the permanent domain of the newly-born child. There is no reason propelling change; yet the baby voluntarily grows but not in obedience to a parental command.
The present and past are both comfortable states beyond which there is no need for more yet they do proceed into the unknown and into their future. It is true that progress is restricted in the absence of appropriate stimuli but an abundance of speech in an environment doesn't enable a dog to talk; there is a requirement that there also be both an appropriate drive and an available path.
It is the future that frames the growth of the newly born; a future known and prepared for in a manner implying knowledge of what will work and prepare the way. All this is set down in hidden code. And much of this code has no present meaning nor is there any visible sign it is there at all. It is the past that has set the code, the present that is shaped by it and the future that relies upon its yet untapped content.
In the DNA past, present and future are one. By contrast a rock or solar system doesn't have such a future link controlling its destiny; what they will become is dictated solely by external factors. But the DNA that controls the future has no meaning for the present; there are no images or detailed manuals nor are there little miniature models of organs lying dormant. A dormant trigger is all there is and it will only activate under the influence of a favourable future environment. The event it triggers may be found in the distant past beyond the life span of the host and require a vast array of sequential changes to occur before it will do its work.
The DNA is the mechanism whereby the future reaches back to the past to ensure that the present is shaped to make a particular future happen. And the present has no clue as to the precious cargo it carries.
Significantly the DNA doesn't allow for infinite possibilities since there are shapes and patterns giving both potential and bounds. The human child doesn't become a cat. We know a lot about what that child will become if it lives a normal life and yet we with diagnostic abilities far greater than most living things can only guess the nature of the adult that evolves from the child.
It is obvious when we consider these aspects of development in living things that nature through evolution has learnt to shape the future; it passes on things from the past and makes the future have form that would not normally exist in the absence of life but this is not just a result of projective science.
At the same time as it experiences events and build records of the past it is putting in place things that make the future form possible, things which may cause the living being to transform from its current shape, size, colour or function and in so doing the present is being shaped by the future. The caterpillar is shaped by the butterfly as much as the butterfly by the caterpillar since when you see a caterpillar you are looking at a time capsule whose packages manufacture a carefully crafted creature of the future.
These processes that enable futuristic designing and manufacturing of highly functional creatures are built through evolution and each relied for its origin on natural selection that involved natural events and chance. In the beginning choice plays no part yet lifeforms include many choice making mechanisms. In these choice- capable proactive mechanisms awareness, memory motivation and anticipation and many similar conceptual factors are critical.
It is the choice-capable
proactive evolutionary products that I class as mechanisms of
fore-science. It is the reliance on unique qualities needed to make
choices and be proactive that make fore-science markedly different from
projective-science that uses past observation alone to judge future
space-time mass-energy aspects of our universe .
The Fore-science Platform
The mechanism that first allows an insensate structure to exploit choices has to work without having any internal support; it must be environmentally driven. This is as true of evolution as it is of every life-form and chemical-reaction that exists. So what are the agencies capable of producing the qualities seen in evolution?
The agencies behind evolution are seen in every one of its creations. They are continuity and conservation but the third factor is the expansion inescapably linked to space and time. It is this third factor that provides kinesis which is the factor leading to insentient things seeming to have drive and purpose.
It is easy to envisage continuity of space for we are used to plains and seas stretching as far as the eye can see. Experience of such things is commonplace and involves one instant of time and a continuous sequence of locations.
And we can just as readily imagine an object existing over a continuous span of time in which we have one locally defined space observed over a continuous sequence of time. The dropping of a ball, cooking of a meal, a television program all confirm our assumptions as to the continuity and conservation relationship between space, matter and energy over a passage of time.
Continuity is a fundamental quality on which our judgment of the universe relies but so too is conservation; we expect the sum of the fundamental elements at one instance of space or time to be exactly the same at any other instance of that same quality.
But neither continuity nor conservation can lead to kinesis; a motion, direction or impulse. Kinesis evokes considerations of an act of choice, motivation, change, force or drive.
It is expansion of space-time that provides kinesis to the universe and in so doing it generates considerations such as awareness and evolution that have no relevance in a static system.
It is kinesis that has the capacity to change insentient material into structures that seem able to make choices even though such a property is not universal.
Importantly space-time expansion changes environments and hence there is obviously more room for dynamics that move materials from denser zones to those less occupied. Even things that weren't once possible may now be triggered; new combinations, new interactions initiated by factors related to space-time density such as temperature, nuclear fission and fusion may now occur.
However opportunity doesn't necessarily lead to sentience; it needs more than this for the universe to be transformed from a place where only the laws of projective science apply.
For opportunity to be of any value it must persist thereby making possible that which happens infrequently.
Opportunity is a quality that self-evidently is not the same as continuity, conservation, expansion, kinesis, mass, energy or space-time. Yet each of these independent qualities is capable of both existence and co-existence with the others without any act of choice being involved.
When these qualities coexist then intrinsic pattern such as seen in resonant settings can produce dramatic changes. In such circumstances each and every potential and niche within that environment has a chance of being fulfilled.
Intrinsic pattern is also an independent attribute of the universe which like all the others is observable and thought to apply equally to all space-time possibilities. And the eternal presence of a pattern resource within our universe is fundamental to the universe’s existence as we know it. See later for more detail on the nature and importance of naturally occurring pattern templates.
But the persistence and continuity of expansion generates a new equally critical dynamic. It produces direction linked to time.
This linking of time to direction in a physical form is a direct result of flows from the old space confines into the freedoms and bound of the new. The universe of change is vectored because of space-time being the actuality rather than space and time as separate entities. So constant continuous expansion means there will be time associated properties that differ from that of a static system. This vectorial factor also is detailed further in a later section.
Significantly this independent attribute of a vector offers another product upon which chance can act and as it does it will inevitably alter the limitations of chance.
For instance a system like the
universe can and will naturally evolve by chance and from then on
contain the process called evolution. And each stage of evolution
that absorbs and passes on the mechanism by which it came into being
will act on future change without so much reliance on chance.
And each stage of evolution that absorbs and passes on the mechanism by which it came into being will act on future change without so much reliance on chance.
So even at this early stage the existent hierarchy can feed back on itself by including into its newly created forms patterns that enhance the directional flow.
Each of these mandatory layers when in play within a bounded environment will have predictable consequences which includes the potential for both evolution and life.
The above has presented a case for there being a plausible hierarchy of insentient events that can and will set in motion the process we call evolution. Yet it is only through living things that the future is manipulated to benefit the present.
There is still a way to go in this presentation before the property of proactive life and fore-science are reached. And an important element in achieving that goal is reliance on the evolution of concepts.
type of evolution is fascinating because, like child learning, each
concept starts with nothing, evolves through passive chance factors and
merges with already existent proactive elements that transform it into a
fully fledged practitioner of fore-science.
From the above it becomes apparent there are nine no-choice states that can and will inevitably lead from existence of the pre-universe to the creation of our universe and then onto the process we call evolution. These states are a growth series with each state persisting as an underlay for all that follows and significantly they are rigidly hierarchical with each lower state requiring all the higher states for it to exist.
Understanding this hierarchal nature adds new understanding to the processes of evolution and its bonds with time, space and space-time.
Existence is the highest level concept for anything and everything. Existence is axiomatic requiring no proof for its acceptance. Existence doesn't imply time or space but does infer there is content that is distinguishable from an absolute void.
The next two levels provide the highest order pillars for the organization of all that exists. The first of these, the second level, is that of Conservation. It is an empirical principle supported by everything that can be observed. It can be concluded that conservation is valid even if there was nothing able to observe it. And the evidence from the existence factors at the first moment of our universe imply the principle holds true for all existence even that outside the type of existence represented by our space-time mass-energy version.
The third level is that of Continuity and it too is an empirical tool. Observations within our universe suggest that its being here in the form we see relies on continuity of space-time. And although existence and conservation may be applied to the time before the universe began continuity is a product of adjacency of objects and events. For example continuity, conservation and existence are all observable within our universe within such things as crystals.
However it is possible that adjacent things might exist and be bound by conservation principles but for there not to be either time or space e.g. the pre universe or an alternate universe.
It is also possible to consider that mass and energy might apply to a single point and instant. In such an event there would be no time or space. The beginning point of our universe is one example where this idea is applicable.
In the modern world where we understand more about the internal structures of atoms and star systems we have seen such behaviour. Black holes and neutron stars illustrate the reality of these extremes.
The next layer, the fourth in the hierarchy, is that of expansion of our universe. Our acceptance of the expansion of the universe like that given to conservation and continuity is based on observation but unlike them it doesn't lead to an overarching principle that can extend beyond our universe or to its components.
However expansion provides dynamic new features to that which exist in its absence. Importantly it gives directional movement and a progressive time system which when combined give our universe a unique and fundamental vector quality.
Thus, the fifth layer in the hierarchy; is perceived as continuous directional flows, the primary path of which is the flow from the old state to the new. It is a future seeking vector biased towards what is unfolding. It gives time the quality of a marker with each and every shift in spatial flow entwining with the flow of time. The overarching time scale is that of the universe however expansion vectors are present in sub-systems of the universe such as those of the atomic, quantum, life and astronomic realms.
A time vector component emerges out of expansion in any continuous orderly system. So everything that grows will have its own unique time scale. For example human life has a unique clock guiding the organism that is us from conception to death.
So time and space, like everything within, are the combination of continuity, conservation and existence that is triggered by a set of unique internal environment factors such as a phase change. Without that combination there is only total disorder, total constraint or non-existence. However our universe is not total chaos or totally constrained since it exists in the manner we all experience.
Hence time is intertwined with space and observed by us as an orderly, sequential, continuous expansion of the universe. But expansion also exposes previously un-experienced events triggered by phase changes in the state of the environment.
It is through expansion unique opportunities emerge and it is this aspect that beckons events that bring about change. Hence opportunity is the sixth level of the hierarchy of factors needed in order for the creation of the process we call evolution.
And yet the most likely result in a system where all the above prevail is that nothing constructive will emerge. What is required is persistence of new effects that enables potential to be achieved. A rapidly expanding system bringing frequent dramatic changes makes it unlikely that any potential that is achieved will endure. A non-continuous expansion creates gaps that the past cannot fill. And a snail-paced expansion sees faster pockets overwhelm the slow.
It is these constraints that dictate the seventh level of the hierarchy of essential requirements. There must be persistence of events in order for potential features to come to fruition. And the persistence required will differ for different potentials depending on complexity and divergence from the existing norms.
But even with persistence added to the other earlier levels there is no guarantee that evolution will result, another feature is required and it will be there lying dormant in any persistent continuous expansion. Changing environmental settings opens and shuts gates to the patterning scheme inherent in our universe.
We know there is natural patterning requiring no act of choice to activate them. Number is one such pattern and geometry is another but there are far more than these that we see at work in nature and take for granted. The commonality of patterns on beaches, waves, sand dunes, in our muscles and in the skies is one such guide to there being a library of templates that nature can unconditionally draw on.
There is a constant shower of unfilled opportunities and of those opportunities some will strengthen the forward thrust and others dampen it. Feedback loops biased towards the future will inevitably create the strongest patterns while those dampened by the future will be far weaker. Feedback naturally favouring the future is then the eighth level of the hierarchy of concepts leading to evolution.
Once all of these are in place then any possibility that can enhance the total process will naturally be found, amplified and brought to the fore.
One such process that enables evolution is represented in the structure of DNA for it shows there is a mechanism for passing beyond bounds to new forms while obeying all the observed rules and principles of our universe.
It is based on the simplest of elemental factors, the pairing of two separate items to make two new entities that inherit and share the genetic properties of the parents while complying with continuity and conservation principles.
The primary mechanism shown in the accompanying diagram is one of the most if not the most vital foundation mechanisms of the processes we call evolution. It provides a blueprint for the more complex structures such as the double helix chains that will emerge at a later time.
But most importantly it is a natural means by which the duration available for evolution to act is increased from an instant to eternity.
Mortality is a discontinuity related to time and wherever erosion, corrosion and decay are in play existence will be threatened. However the simple mechanism shown above offers an escape from the limitations on time inherent in terminal decay of an organism or structure. It allows the time for replicas to be part of an environment whose bounds constrain it until the pattern and environment offer chance the opportunity it needs. By this means the simple legacy module makes natural selection viable and inevitable.
But it also offers greater opportunity in another way because it passes on two threads so that posterity contains ever-changing variety upon which chance can act. The discontinuity caused by physical bounds as well as that of time can therefore be overcome. These mechanisms for escaping from natural bounds make evolution uniquely different to inert material. It has passive mechanisms that allow it to give chance the aids it needs.
Further, as evolution proceeds, it will be able to selectively incorporate conflicting mechanisms that enhance chance. For example shortening life span increases risk of extinction of a structure that cannot pass on via two streams but where that structure continues into the future and does it more quickly the full testing of patterns happens much quicker. So the two escape mechanisms can be offset by natural selection to address even their own limitations.
And in this ability to pass things on it is eternally expanding the concept of memory. Already it is retaining parts of the past and ensuring these can exist into the future
Thus, the ninth step, involves a chain adhering to all physical laws that passively connects present to future. The model presented above fulfils these fore-mentioned conditions and in doing so makes possible the process we call evolution.
From the foregoing we can deduce that evolution is inevitable as it requires no special properties for it to emerge.
Natural selection is the mandatory choice mechanism for initial evolution but this process inevitably moves from passive natural selection to selection programmed by past evolution. We see this throughout all life forms and in our own kind. Choices are being made by your body as to what elements to take from the food you eat. You determine which road you will drive down. These are active choices not the passive ones typified by natural selection. Many remain involuntary however. They are choices affecting survival into the future and hence draw upon the mechanisms evolution has implanted in your DNA.
So I postulate in this post that natural things evolved to a point where the means by which choice and the ability to make selections affecting the future exist in many forms throughout this planet and beyond.
This is no small leap for it is this element of choice that was totally missing at the beginning of our universe. The ability to choose can only result from natural selection influenced by a time vector and the reinforcing mechanisms that bring it about in an environment offering adequate opportunity. It is this time vector that is the principal pillar of evolution and from it comes choice, memory, awareness, fore-science and the ability to predict and manipulate the future.
Just as the process of evolution has a natural hierarchy of factors there is a path to each of the aspects that make life-forms different from the inert.
Evolution is not something that is unique to the universe's formation even though time only had meaning from the instant when space-time expansion began. It is present wherever there is a closed system undergoing continuous expansion. And although time and its vector are at first passive they become transformed whenever their initial qualities feed a feedback loop. Throughout long periods of its early presence the time vector is a weak factor in the evolutionary process relying on chance natural events to strengthen its ties to the materials and events of the universe.
The time vector’s impact is seen in a vast array of materials with radioactive decay being a good illustration of its potential. Active radioactive materials can decay by half in a minute space of time or may take many billions of years. Those that are decayed have a different physical structure to those that haven’t so at any time in the future the time vector can indicate the age of the original material. This isn’t true of ripples in sand where patterns are part of a landscape change in which time plays a part but not as a vector.
But you contain a vectored time system that is independent of every other system of the universe. It runs your life and influences when your hair goes gray, puberty commences, menstruation and menopause will occur. And it sets the timing as to when your system will degenerate. These things although they can be affected by local factors are outside your control. They will happen at the appropriate stage and the best you can do is either disguise its impact or by changing your local environment slightly delay or accelerate the inevitable. There is a vectorial aspect to your life locking how you develop, thrive and survive to an orderly flow of time and the time-locked triggers set in your DNA. It is these that help you on your short journey in this universe.
There are discontinuities in your life with the largest of them being death but your system has in-built escape mechanisms to preserve your links to the universes time vector.
The mechanisms are internal and were there at your conception even before there was a capacity for any part of you to be aware. And your birth then set you on a journey that goes on a continuous path between two points in time. All that was required to shape the environment to meet your differing needs throughout your journey has wherever possible been included in the package and you still carry that set of instructions today. Your drives to eat, survive, flee danger, seek warmth or coolness didn’t come from external sources and most of it is not the accident of chance.
So much of what defines you seems to be beyond chance, so much so we can be certain there is a mechanism in play. It is only the source of those techniques that is open to debate.
However in the current era we now know DNA, as a part of its manifold roles in evolution, offers each and every living thing access to natures design source.
We have evolved mostly by the in-built program but chance played a part. Yet even the part of chance was incorporated in the program. You evolved from a union involving the agency of chance, you were given the structures to shape your environment to capture whatever chance for development, and survival the external environment has to offer. And evolution the creative but inevitable product of chance ensures you have its vector as a shield from the present and as a ticket to the future.
You are a living demonstration evolution leads to things that are no longer controlled by chance alone.
This path whereby evolution takes on forms that are unique in having attributes associated with life relies on the inbuilt properties of DNA, the double helix and the discontinuity escape mechanisms. But essentially it still has a reliance on the hierarchy of environmental factors and presences leading to the inevitability of evolution.
This paper shows how evolution begins with predictive science but inevitably acquires a more active form I call fore-science.
Fore-science can only be achieved after evolution has caused structures that master predictive science to be gathered into localized clusters. This in itself was a momentous step in the organization of the universe but it inevitably happened due to the same factors that enabled evolution, namely continuity, the time-vector, opportunity and feedback. These are some of the principal mechanisms of natural selection and without the full range of natural selection being existent fore-science would not exist.
The fundamental building block used by evolution in all stages is the innate capacity of inert materials to have after effects.
This natural mechanism is the earliest form of memory. Hence the concept of memory becomes the cornerstone of the hierarchy of concepts evolution brings into existence and this will eventually lead to active memory that makesfore-science possible.
In the enabling of memory other mechanisms involving natural sorting and accumulation of like materials play important parts.
There is no inert material that shows the ability to manipulate time but adjacency as an aspect of space-time exists naturally throughout all stages and locations of the universe.
It is the linked adjacency of expanding space-time that provides the means for a forward-driven process to evolve towards memory. Memory is the prime requirement for any manipulation of time to occur.
Chemical and physical changes in a continuous universe don't just affect an instant or a point. They alter the surrounds in the same direction as expansion.
There is an after-effect of such events that spreads outwards for a time and distance from the instant. This is the elementary space-time device on which primal memory is based.
After- effects broaden the nature of space-time time from the instant into a bounded sequence stretching into the future. By this means the after-effect allows the vector of time to manifest itself as a discernible physical record linked to events in a region that stretches beyond the moment of its happening.
In many instances the presence of an after affect will change the environment for materials. It may prolong warmth, offer newly formed material, cause flows or solidification. Things having the capacity to retain after effects of an event then can be classed as materials with potential to extend the range of experiences beyond the instant but their ability to do so doesn’t require any ability to recall the past or predict the future.
Yet natural forces such as marine or lava flows, winds, erosion, melting, solidifying and deposition can build deposits of materials with like properties and it is by such accumulation that other chance events are transformed into inevitability. And patterns will emerge in these accumulations produced as much by the shapes and bounds as by their content.
There will be a diversity of niches sheltering many styles of primal memory material and they can remain in this variety, constancy and continuity of pattern throughout vast periods of time. They are the opportunity for memory but their potential usually remains unfulfilled.
Within the richness of niches there will be layers or pockets where adjacent parts have all the properties to form a chain and one by one natural events can bring them to a place close enough for them to join and form a greater unit. These niches will abound in chains. They are still memory-necessary materials without purpose, a potential rich niche with nowhere to go.
But there will be
a time and place when two units with a unique capacity exist adjacently.
Their combination produces a result that is bizarre in the context of
the then extant universe. They unite and under a change in environment
split into copies of themselves and they do so not from any drive or
inherited behaviour but because their extant properties make it happen.
They unite again with others and split and repeat these steps without
end. The creation of molecular structures from atoms is a classical
example of t linked chaining.
The creation of molecular structures from atoms is a classical example of t linked chaining.
They appear immortal and by chance alone will occupy all possible niches suited to their formation. They are a creation of the universe generated by chance alone but nonetheless their coming is beyond chance, it is natural and inevitable.
And in the same manner there will be chains whose natural attributes and affinities surround them with the components from which the chains are built. It is merely the accident of them having the appropriate attributes that sees them favoured in any chain building and by the natural order of things chains will become more abundant than scattered solitary units reliant on chance to bring materials close enough to interact. Their dominance isn’t an act of choice it is a fortuitous alignment that enhances the role of chance.
But this accidental favouritism means over-representation in any environment and therefore an increase of chance having an impact upon their future as well as their present. These clusters are more likely to undergo change than points where the nearby materials are unsorted. They are still not memory but inert clusters of materials more aligned with that needed to make active memory possible.
And once again through this associative process passive memory is on the move, heading in the direction of the future by holding together related components involved in past events. This is again not an act of choice but a result of sequential favourable circumstance.
Now as this process fills each niche it only needs one last step for there to be primal life. Where two adjacent structures combine and pass the memory of successful combination to their offspring then the chain becomes inadvertently purpose driven. This is the start of life since forward seeking behaviour can now be actively pursued. And the model for such behaviour isn’t complex. It doesn’t require anything more than the simplest of components and the simplest of rules. The basic model shown above is the one presented earlier but presented in a different form.
The ability to build eternal chains only broken by external disruption and availability of suitable materials enhances further the process of shaping a zone to meet ongoing needs and once again the result is these chains are becoming increasingly omnipresent. By such mechanisms they become the prominent structure in the niche where they are found.
All of this progress made by natural sorting and affinity mechanisms now has structures that are capable of becoming life forms. These are zones where alignments have occurred based on passive memory attributes and the line is set as a vector determined by the link from past to present. There are now space-time vectors associated with the clustered material arising from common location and the ability of its components to bond.
And natural selection, a process without the ability of choice, is now acting in a zone where there are time vectors and memory capable material, a combination that will eventually build things that wrongly seem only possible by an agent using active choice.
Just one more step is needed and life begins.
The last step binds the vector of time to an eternal flow of material that will follow that vector and give that vector the potential to unite past and present.
Such a creation mimics the process of expansion of the universe. Each draws on the time vector that commenced with the Big Bang but this new life cluster brings its own space-time vectors that will define its bounds.
Then by its ability to unite and extend itself the first living thing continually grows offering opportunity for change and further growth. And by its minute variances and its ever-presence it can create new related forms. It is both evolution and primal life at work.
Memory comes to Life
Active memory is the stepping block that changes everything. Once memory is active environmental awareness is possible. Natural selection then inevitably brings about the creation of motivation, purposeful behaviour and drive.
The activation of memory requires natural selection within a sufficiently expansionary and dynamic environment.
Anything new leaves a crowded niche where it was in competition with others of its older kind and defines a new niche where it can more easily prevail. Being new means there are less of its old kind and everything in that environment is now an ancestral part of the new. It is by this means successful newness increases expansionary opportunities.
And of all the things that have been transferred in the replication of the chain that which accentuates its prominence is anything that organises the environment to its advantage. Memory does this. It doesn’t matter whether it is passive or active. Whatever shortens the essential tasks will become more abundant and increase the rate of progress towards the new. And passive materials prolonging the instant nature of time will not only prevail but be more likely to evolve further than those which have no ties to time.
Passive materials with even the slightest dependence on time will eventually reach the evolutionary point where they have inbuilt responses triggered by particular events. The increase of warmth and the flow of water setting off reactions faster than of old are examples of the type of events that can shape the environmental state.
The replicating chains will take on new forms, new variants, and in particular environments some of these will also become super-abundant.
In the long course of the history of our planet there have been many phase changes opening renewed opportunity for all chains to evolve. But the most successful in an environment rich in carbon hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen in the temperature range that has prevailed for a large part of the earth’s history is the one based on the spiral double helix. This carries all the attributes needed to replicate chains that can hold memory. It is a highly rich generator of all the factors needed for active memory and has the potential to enhance the quality of the links between the space-time vector and opportunities within the environment.
The helix spiral is one of the infinite forms available at all points of time and space in our universe. The linked double helix offers manifold possibilities for chemical variance.
Importantly the linking bridges for the spiral pillars offer bonds which can manage both continuity and discontinuity requirements. And equally as crucial is these bonds and the components of the spiral pillars are able to form within the range of chemicals and environmental conditions on our planet.
The extremely active physio-chemical nature held within a stable unchanging structure means that a record of environmental events and results offers chance an opportunity to create a meaningful memory device. That device was found by chance and with its finding the first double helix DNA began.
The content that makes such spirals active memory of events on earth doesn’t give any clue to the stories it holds but what it does have is the capacity for infinite combinations of links whose inclusion depends upon localised environments.
The double helix found in all life forms is a self-programming structure in which location, composition and structural grouping allow for controlled release that can mirror events from the past. It is the memory acquired ability to manage space-time that makes both life and evolution possible. And significantly this enables life to have fore-science aspects.
The accumulation, sorting, combining and replicating effects don’t make major evolution happen. By passive means living things may change in their size, colour, mobility etc and once useful features may be made redundant. But the changing of passive qualities, those not linked to the space-time vector, to ones that will carry change to future generation or meet future needs of a living organism, requires a time activator.
Feedback takes a small amount from an impulse that has a time cycle and feeds it back into the next cycle. When it feeds it back in a manner that flows in the same way as the impulse the motion in that cycle is amplified. This action makes feedback a potential activator of time factors because it accelerates and accumulates time related events within a time package defined by the cycle. To reach that potential the effect returned must parallel that of the new cycle at the point it enters.
A child upon a swing given a slight push at the right instant will go higher. There is an ideal place dictated by timing for that action to be effective and anywhere else will either be less effective or counterproductive.
By this same means wind gusts that somewhat regularly come and go can make a heavy suspended chain swing.
When feedback is in play another factor can make the effect far more dramatic. If the period of the cycle matches values set by the boundaries of the system in which feedback is happening then resonance can transform the cycle into a different form.
If you blow air out of your mouth and change both the shaping of your lips and the placement of your tongue you can transform that blow from a hiss to a whistle. White noise of blowing air is changed by your shaping of the container through which it passes and the irregular time unrelated flow becomes an active sound related to time. This is resonance combined with feedback, two natural events that together can shift an event from time passive to time activated.
The power of feedback and resonance effects can be harmful as well as beneficial. Waves upon a bridge in a storm can transform that bridge from a solid rigid platform to a gyrating, wild and dangerous place to be. Winds can also have the same effect on towers and at their extreme can cause structures to break and fall. But despite the side-effect of fatal harm it is resonance fed by positive feedback that offers a natural mechanism for the most spectacular creations of evolution.
The most significant creation of evolution was the activation of memory for it is active memory that distinguishes the inert from the living. Even primal active memory that links an organism such as a virus to its chemical surrounds marks a major difference from other forms of matter.
The activation of memory transforms the feedback resonance mechanism forever since memory with its linking past and present then defines a forward flowing space-time vector. This linking of past and present through events that happen in a material zone creates the natural means to shape the future.
This form of replicating double helix chains that can pass passive prediction skills to future generations can exist eternally without becoming part of evolution. And a non progressive lineage factor may also be incorporated without these chains displaying the features of life.
However though they can remain the same forever their existence exposes them to the ongoing natural shaping and transforming processes we call evolution. And this process of evolution is aided by the ability of these chains to retain details of the relation between past, present and future phases of a single event.
The chemical structures of these chains will be altered by natural events and the effects of similar events will create similar changes which will pass into the future. These changes will in turn influence future changes with each change causing the future to explore divergent paths. These divergent chains may interact and in this ever changing mould some of those that have common heritage will perform in a way that makes them more prolific.
Amongst all these differing forms there will be some that transform to that of a previous form. It is this type of retrograde transformation that provides the feedback loop with complementary material enabling it to shape the future.
Active generation of memory now has an aspect in play that evolutionary forces will sharpen.
The importance of active memory cannot be overstated. Equally the narrowness of the path to reach that point should not be understated. The existence of life from the most primitive to the most advanced offers evidence that there was and still is a path but so far little evidence for evolving forms using paths or factors other than that for life as we know it has been found.
This concept of an existent but narrow path provided by evolved structures such as the double helix is an axiomatic recognition of reality. We know the concept of memory exists and has real structures for enabling it. We also know the universe has structures with the ability to recall past events and combine it with the present in a willful way that guides their future behaviour, functions and structural form.
The enhancement of chance
Prior to the creation of active memory any movement through time had to be by chance alone but after that point it has been possible for evolution to generate life forms utilizing concepts evolved from memory.
And this new era with its time vector linkage is hierarchal with a similar form to that of the Tree of Life.
A consequence of there being a time vector linked to every evolutionary mechanism that can affect the future is evolution will appear to be more purposeful. One of the first things that will happen is all suitable niches will be filled and dominated by structures with memory capabilities. But there is in this progression a continual series of emerging trends that we can readily see in humankind as well as other living things.
We know that our children have a high chance of being humans with abilities to think in a way that differs from other living things.
There are also an infinite number of ways over which our bodies control the localised environment of organs and nutrient flows that defines each one of us.
Each breath, each sandwich, each step we take manipulates the environment, absorbing, changing and discharging parts of it to keep us functioning. And although you have no choice in much of this it doesn’t happen by chance alone. You eat your sandwich by choice, you choose the terrain over which you walk and you have the choice to hold your breath when swimming underwater but your acts of choice are also results of a long-implanted program.
We are programmed in a way that means we don’t need to know how every event in our lives happens nor do we need to be in control. Our future is however bound in the well-being of that program. Our future is therefore tied to the ability of the past to make apt connections between the past present and future.
But significantly a controlling guide couldn’t have been essential for that programming ability to evolve, at some point it came about by chance.
Chance still persists within us even though there is a program. We are the children of chance from the moment of conception and in every instant in every part of our being. But the program sets present bounds to take advantage of chance that beneficially shapes us. These bounds then bring about that which is essential enabling living things to progress through their bounded future.
Evolution is an eternal process that through feedback aligns and unites the opportunities offered by chance with the space-time vector.
So at every step created through this natural selection device evolution is actively present and acting on all that exist. Hence every new entity is also subjected to the evolutionary process from the time of its creation.
Summary of properties leading to life
The concepts and their relationships raised in the foregoing sections are the same throughout the remainder of this discourse. It is therefore worth presenting a diagram to summarise the notable factors, events and sources that the process of fore-science relies on.
The above factors are all essential to the evolutionary process and with them in place the shift towards the future can prepare environments for major change but new drive factors inherent in most significant advances require a well-timed push. The natural means delivering that push are positive feedback and resonance.
The wider opportunities accompanying every new entity make it an expansionary force with ties to time.
It follows that the expansionary nature of new structures will mean the evolutionary process parenting life forms will always have its own unique eternal time vector. Its vector is different from the time vector created by the expansion of the universe. The vector for life is a branch of that original vector which is only linked to life and no other branch.
Only existent life forms can utilize active memory and for other non-life form materials to pass that transition of passive to active memory they must evolve their own unique vector.
Evolution can branch out from this vector at any point but its most active points are those where greatest expansion and hence greatest opportunity exists.
Greatest activity is therefore at the tips where expansion has been fastest and longest. This is the same process by which crystals grow, so the shapes and diversity seen in snow-flakes offer insight into the growth patterns of evolutionary creation.
However any insight has to be tempered by recognition that in crystals and snowflakes the growth is inorganic relying on chance and circumstance while in life it is organic and has an active vector as its guide. This distinction is seen at its greatest in the known mechanisms for each form.
Both crystals and snowflakes (which are ice crystals) gain their form through repetitive addition from a constant flow of material within the environment. The nature of its minerals dictates that there are differences in attraction around the surface layers of each crystal.
Once a seed crystal is formed and while the creating conditions are in play chance will add to those special spots and a unique but not totally random pattern will appear. The patterns are based on geometric forms and the directions in which they grow and their branches emerge are what is determined by chance. This process with its reliance on chance and continuity from a source over time is what is referred to as inorganic or passive growth.
Organic growth is best typified by the internal programming that manipulates the host structure and its environment so that it utilizes innate patterns found in space-time.
The recent science of fractals uses mathematical formulae to generate patterns that mirror those found in nature and in so doing reflects some of the mechanisms at work in nature. They also reflect the ability for great diversity in what are essentially randomly generated patterns given a focus by bounds and repetitive actions.
Organic manipulation is however forward seeking, preparing new structures and paths which chance will fill. It manipulates the environment so its commands are expedited in both time and location.
It sets internal and external bounds and in addition it regulates the changes through the initiation of triggered responses to internal and external conditions.
And all this is done unwittingly as an inbuilt requirement demanded by the program.
Organic patterning which can draw on inorganic patterning is therefore infinitely the more enriched of the two forms.
The unique memory based vector for evolution has quite significant implications for it not only means each new creation has the potential to evolve from the time of its creation but evolution itself is an entity upon which it can act.
Passive memory events, such as the after-effects of chemical change, are part of the opportunities that lead to evolution of active memory and it happens by linking the passive factors to the time vector.
For life what allowed it and memory to evolve was the natural properties of the double helix’s geometry. We know much about the double Helix DNA role from observations and experiments made by Crick and Watson and those who followed.
The vast array of experiments since the double helix was first proposed establish it as an extremely credible vehicle for all processes involved in life and evolution. But our awareness of it is very short since it was in the 1970s that Crick and Watson first announced the results of and conclusions from their work.
From what we know and observe the only rational conclusion is that memory and life did evolve and with that certainty we can know that the process involved in the creation of these two primary concepts plays the dominant role in all the evolutionary novelties that followed. We can be equally as certain that these processes will continue to act into the future and that novelties will likewise arise out of the same mechanisms that led to life and memory.
From the instance of the creation of active memory new concepts came into play. These were completely novel with no relevance before active memory made the tie between the material universe and its space-time vector. And critically, awareness and active choice could only exist if there was that vectorial tie that began with active memory.
There is no reason to think that the planets were or are aware of their place in the universe. Nor can atoms act because they like or dislike what they are doing. They have no means of knowing what they did, what was done to them nor why events happen. Each is subject to events that involve chance and natural selection yet no discernible connection between past, present and future has ever been actively made by a planet or atom.
Awareness of the universe and the ability to shape the future were absent before life began. It may seem strange to talk of concepts such as these as though they could or could not have existed before life happened but no more so than the question of existence over whose paradoxes humans incessantly wrestle.
We are aware. We can choose. We do exist. All three have reality. But how did the real emerge out of what preceded that reality?
Surely the answer that relies on a continuing process of evolution by mechanisms in its environment is more substantive than any ad-hoc multi-sourced or mystical means.
My answers to the evolution of new concepts in the universe relies on the linking of the physical universe to a time factor that unites the known present with memory of the past to filtered projections of what is yet to come. Its logic shapes a separate body of laws and principles that for convenience I have called fore-science. So when I present the means by which each stage evolves I am building a debatable platform for life’s ability to utilize the future.
And the platform that I use for each stage contains the same ideas as used for life and memory. There is the environment and its influential factors, the time and space-time vectors, feedback and resonance, the duad lineage model for overcoming discontinuities such as mortality and the double helix model as the vehicle for transferring past, present and future to the next generation.
The term sentience already exists to cover awareness and choice in animals but all life forms including the simplest have a level of awareness and shaping of the present. It is this wider field that demands and deserves a label of its own since all living things also carry the means for shaping their own future and that of their progeny.
Plants for example have roots and leaves that react to changes in the environment in ways that imply they have a form of awareness and make choices that help them exploit or protect themselves from those changes. They have seasonal responses, growth phases and reactions that turn them towards or away from light. Everything they do is directed to continuing their existence and the inbuilt program they inherited guides them to that end.
So fore-science relates to sentience plus a more general array. It embraces all living things from the most primeval to the fuller flowering of evolution in times to come.
It isn’t to say that the processes give non-animal life the capacity for choices based on awareness for in the main the evolved control consists of programmed responses. We don’t have reason to believe that trees or viruses make choices because they are aware of the nature of time or that its flow has relevance to the future.
However the program’s development route in all life forms involves taking past and present events and shaping part of the existing structure and environment. This goal-like behaviour arises out of both the space-time vector and evolution. The resultant flow is therefore biased in the direction that enhances environmental manipulation of the future. There is however an inescapable requirement for this enhancement.
Progress does involve awareness of the environment, past and present and an innate drive that compels a selection from the options. That innate drive and ability to choose is what comes out of natural selection when it too is tied to the space-time vector.
The component that makes the foregoing possible is active memory and that is first found in the devices that made life possible.
From this single step the earliest stages of awareness and choice evolved until their existence in the universe would be detectable (by beings capable of doing so) as a distinct characteristic of life.
At some earlier time representing a minute interval of the evolutionary time vector each concept must have existed in a state that exploited the universe in a way not possible in the vast aeons that preceded that interval. Unable to be noticed, unable to be labelled to all intents it didn’t exist. But immediately that capacity existed in the universe it would be subject to further evolution.
So in all living forms active awareness and choice must go on continuously evolving because the time biased program drives it. It is through this understanding of evolution’s time-locking origins that fore-science is seen as relevant to all life forms.
But as awareness and choice become embedded in the double helix memory structure they define new structures that will themselves evolve and create new realities such as sensory devices not seen before in this universe of ours. And these too will diverge as specialization in unique environments defines the reality of each new concept.
Throughout this presentation there is frequent mention of natural patterns that provide the framework for this universe of ours. Since evolution is a part of this universe it too can draw on that resource.
Natural patterns have no substance. They can’t be touched, stored in a drawer, examined with a magnifying glass, held up to the light or shown upon a screen. Yet they have the same reality as existence, awareness, choice, sentience, growth and motivation. We know they exist since we see their presence in undeniable ways. These are concepts that we as humans have the ability to witness.
The innate patterning in the universe we know by the same intuitive means we know the universe is there.
We are so used to the presence of this patterning resource that it escapes our scrutiny. There is no questioning of its source or its properties. Yet in science it helps if we seek answers to these qualities since in seeking we understand more about possibilities.
Numbers are one set of innate patterns and the branches of that set are also forms of innate patterning. But these have a natural connection to our universe since number manifests itself in any cluster (union) of points.
And geometry is an obvious branch naturally arising out of the adjacency of points.
We expect that wherever we are in this universe the laws of numbers and geometry plus included entities will be the same. There will be one & two etc plus points & lines etc. And when any pair are added or subtracted the result will always be the same no matter at what instant of time and place on the universe’s space-time vector we are located.
We know with unquestionable certainty nature draws on these concepts for its repertoire of shapes including points, lines, circles, spheres, spirals and pyramids plus a manifold array of diff erent forms. And humankind is well placed to judge this since we can draw and build mirror images of what nature has achieved from the beginning of time. And the range of intangible pattern templates goes far beyond the concepts of both number and geometry to offer us frames for rainbows, skeletons, music, words, photons, crystals, art, geology and many more.
Yet what humans know at
this time is nowhere close to the fullness of the patterns the universe
has used nor is this a full measure of the depths of the resource behind
the shaping of this universe we live in. We can truly think of the
universe’s innate pattern resource as having an infinite number of
Yet what humans know at this time is nowhere close to the fullness of the patterns the universe has used nor is this a full measure of the depths of the resource behind the shaping of this universe we live in. We can truly think of the universe’s innate pattern resource as having an infinite number of different forms.
Importantly we have every reason to believe that the resource that includes numbers, geometry and their associated pattern templates was present at the beginning of the universe.
The nature of these patterns is eternal and they are real even though they are intangible. Similarly all that is framed by numbers in our current world was always a part of that primal resource.
Its range is also eternal. You cannot invent a shape that lies outside reality since we humans can only make real assumptions by drawing on a deeper field of innate patterns. For instance our knowledge base already includes mathematically recognized possibilities such as imaginary numbers.
And we also have strong evidence from all the different inorganic and organic structures we see around us that nature has always not only had eternal access to the contained models but has utilized them with only chance as its assistant.
We can conclude that the reality of patterning in the objects of the universe means there are such things as eternal zones that man and nature can draw upon to support their creative drives. See my paper titled Eternity for more.
Space-time is a concept that has only been noted by humankind since the early 20th century. Although the term was used by Albert Einstein’s teacher Hermann Minkowski it was the former who delivered the better understanding of this term. The basic difference to the view before its introduction is that time was seen as a separate function from location in the universe whereas Einstein presented the case that time and space had influence upon each other. Space-time as a single unit is now seen as a more valid way of viewing the universe when considering events involving movement.
In doing this Einstein effectively introduced a vector quality to the basic dimensions of the universe since time has a direction independent of space.
Humankind has been a pattern identifying form of life throughout its evolution but that trait has been amplified in the millions of years since the first hominid trod this planet. So for all but a hundred years or so the dimensions of space were seen as three that set size and place plus another dimension we called time which traced the instances of history. And the human vision parallels that of nature for it is nature as manifested on a slow moving planet that shaped our view.
The eternal pattern zones that guided our understanding of the universe were accordingly focused on the dimensions related to a point, a direction, a surface and a solid. And time played little part in this focus since patterning remained valid no matter when or where we experienced it. With this approach it is very apparent that there is a hierarchy of patterns in which higher dimensions include lower orders. So geometry includes number and space-time etc but number doesn’t include geometry as there is no essential requirement for shape of oneness or twoness etc.
Hence the eternal zone for all these factors may be considered as a unified whole where drawing rights are defined by the number of dimensions available in the environment. Therefore dimensional penetration at a point in history determines the availability of patterns for evolving forms.
Access to the eternal zones requires a key which is based on bounds and appropriate conditions as stated above. Within the universe it is well known that feedback and resonance created by internal motions allow chance to be the powerful shapers of objects. Wave forms, atoms, molecules, liquids, solids and gases etc are all known to be defined by these factors. They are products of chance even as to their patterns but chance is restricted by the imposed and inescapable requirements.
An accidental feature of humankind’s long entrenched focus on spatial events is that patterns found in life that result from the time vector have not received the same scrutiny or recognition. Awareness, existence, drive, motivation etc are all known to humankind but little attention has been given to how these attributes evolved from chance selection into manipulative shapers of destiny.
Time vectored factors such as evolution, memory, growth, sight, hearing, touch etc are the logical companions of awareness, existence etc. And together they represent an eternal zone of increased dimensions and so will include patterns that the spatial zones embrace but they have access to far more.
Within such a zone there will be every possible pattern and whenever the bounds and settings resonate with that pattern its contents are automatically available within our universe. And as with all such patterns these will be accessible at every point of space, time and space-time.
We already know that the same conditions for nature’s accessing these invisible, intangible but real patterns is demanded of living things. And again feedback and resonance within specific bounds offers chance its opportunity to create seemingly miraculous patterns.
With the mechanisms in place
that enables memory to have an active reality evolution becomes an
unstoppable sequence progressing at every
From the time of its first reliance on memory to the creation of life everything that happens is unguided, a pure product of a chain of chances that were possible. There really is no great momentum in this time lock free phase but there is plausibility that it would happen and can happen again through a different physio-chemical means.
However once memory transformed by mechanisms that depended on the legacy model and its subsequent locking onto the DNA double helix’s physio-chemical capabilities the processes leading to that point meant the process of evolution could and would be incorporated as a passive part of the memory of DNA.
As time elapsed the inbuilt evolutionary mechanisms would continue to be active and new active concepts would emerge. Each and every one of these needed nothing more than that which transformed passive memory into active memory and hence the dependence on chance events was substantially reduced.
Everything we observe in nature as a consequence of evolutionary process is united by their shared links to the progenitive memory vector. There is a sequence, a progression based on prior success; it shapes new forms by building on the past. There is therefore a genealogy to concepts that parallels the tree of life for both are products of evolution.
That a sequence is applicable to all evolutionary products is an invaluable property that evolution inevitably exploits. The process of evolution not only feeds back through its memory based roots but feeds forward through the potential of each newly evolved attribute. Evolution evolves. Stages of evolution speed up. It can therefore be said that evolution is capable of learning and with the progress of time active learning will be built into the process we call evolution.
There are an infinite number of attributes that evolution has brought into reality from potentials it has learnt to exploit. Each organic structure supporting life, each cell, each organ, each species is built on an eternal reshaping of what exists to form what will advance the sequential stream.
So evolution has purpose set by its vectors. Originally it was expand, wait, give chance a chance, expand, wait, give chance a chance....
As time has passed a deeper agenda has imprinted itself into more recently evolved DNA; expand, sense, memorise, wait, give chance a chance.....
Effectively evolution reaches into every possible niche that can be occupied by its progeny.
Efficiently it exposes its own processes to every possible aspect of the space-time dimensions that form our universe.
Stage by stage and phase by phase it embraces the potentials this universe offers.
New concepts enrich in an orderly way the aspects of the universe more removed from the simplicity of the material universe.
There is a hierarchy of exploration of the dimensions that shape the abundance of what is created.
Each in its own time can come to the fore as a by-product of ongoing evolution.
Memory, awareness growth, chemical response, touch, mobility, smell, sight etc, ever moving forward sensual activations are the hallmarks that distinguish life from passive elements of the universe.
Unwittingly we breathe and equally as unknowingly evolution gives unique purpose to the processes that define it.
Inevitably the ability to anticipate the future and build mechanisms that take advantage of that connection will expand and in so doing humankind will lose relevance.
Although we can’t know or experience the organic mechanisms of the distant future we can reasonably deduce that the links between future and present will be enhanced.
Every possibility is resident in nature’s library of potential patterns.
Although evolution does also evolve it cannot learn to preference any of its creations in a way that lasts for eternity. The eternal nature of expansion of the universe guarantees novel patterns will continue to emerge.
Any perceived favouritism bestowed by nature is guaranteed to be a misconception. Evolution cannot learn a mechanism that would create a being that fills the rest of time. To do so that being needs to be so superior in its structure that all possibilities in future expansion of space-time already existed in that being. That being would have to incorporate every possible aspect of the universe that hasn’t yet had the means to be exploited. It would require abilities beyond the ability to be aware, think or have emotions. It would need to be more durable than evolution. Everything that evolves must be able to be surpassed while the universe exists or else it becomes our universe’s kin.
END OF Evolutionary Fix